January 29, 2006

Globalization video

Posted in Irin Westerfield at 11:59 pm by groupone

Professor Fukuyama makes a good argument, but I feel that it is overly optimistic.
Fukuyama believes in a “large picture” view of history guided subtly by natural laws. The good things that he sees in today’s world are not “accidental byproducts,” but an increase in universal morality based on deep-seeded evolutionary needs of cooperation for survival.
When asked about today’s violent conflicts, he deftly points to the fact that they are “peripheral” problems and not major conflicts like World War 2. He points out that today no major world power would ever think about going to war for purely selfish reasons such as Germany did in the 1930’s.
Admitting that our world population of approximately 5 billion is divided into roughly 7 or 8 main cultural groups, he states that this is a great improvement when looking at the big picture. At one point, he contends, the world had hundreds or thousands of such groups. Separate tribes with their own gods willing to kill people from neighboring tribes because they worshipped different gods.
He feels that the world trend towards liberal democracies is “enlarging the radius of moral universalism.” There is more political evolution towards “world thinking” liberal philosophy.
Fukuyama makes a strong, intelligent argument that is backed with convincing world trends such as mentioned above.
Unfortunately for his argument, I believe that his view of man’s inner nature is false. His view is that man will be guided, ultimately, by an ingrained sense derived by nature for universal cooperation based on survival.
Fukuyama did not sufficiently address religious fervor in his interview. Whenever asked about religion, he granted it its place in history and did not address what a big threat it is to his theory.
First, the basic Judeo-Christian doctrine states that man is of a “sinful” nature. Man is interested in himself and self preservation. That is why we must keep building more prisons every year. That is why CEO’s make more money in one day than their low level help makes in a year. More importantly, this is why the CEO does not care that he makes more money in one day than his laborer makes in a year.
Ironically, Fukuyama states that capitalism and democracy are systems to help achieve his theory. Funny, I thought that capitalism is based on greed. How many Americans are interested in helping feed their neighbor, much less someone on the other side of the world?
Secondly, it appears obvious that world groups other than the Judeo-Christians are more fanatical and narrow-minded concerning their faith.
9-1-1 is an obvious example of why Fukuyama’s argument is flawed. The 7 or 8 culture groups remaining have some very resolute members. Yes, there will always be “wishy-washy” members of cultural groups that would be willing to assimilate readily with other groups. It is beyond belief, however, that Fukuyama could believe that groups with fanatical beliefs will forsake their heritages and embrace some new world order of singularity.
No, “legitimate” religious groups that are resolute in their beliefs and fanatical religious groups, that are even more stubborn, are part of a recipe for disaster with concern to a harmonious world.  
 

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1 Comment »

  1. groupthree said,

    Irin-
    That was nothing short of amazing. While I may have disagreed with some of your points, the defense you provided almost convinced me to change my mind (good!). This was very well written and it makes me what to look into the concept much further.
    Jillian Mitchell


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